Bergbauer, Annika B. (ifo Institute)
Hanushek, Eric A. (Stanford University)
Woessmann, Ludger (ifo Institute and LMU Munich)
We investigate the achievement impact of alternative uses of student assessments. Our dataset covers over 2 million students in 59 countries observed over 6 waves in the international PISA test 2000-2015. Our empirical model exploits the country panel dimension to investigate assessment reforms over time, taking out country and year fixed effects. The expansion of standardized external comparisons, both school-based and student-based, is associated with improvements in student achievement. The effect of school-based comparison is stronger in low-performing countries. By contrast, solely internal testing without external comparison and internal teacher monitoring including inspectorates do not affect student achievement.
student assessment; testing; accountability; student achievement; international; pisa
I28; H52; L15; D82; P51